sobering piece by my friend and colleague Dr. Diana Zuckerman responding to Jolie’s announcement. Zuckerman is a PhD and president of the Cancer Prevention and Treatment Fund. She raised serious questions about the advice Jolie received from her doctors, noting that the 87 percent figure Jolie was told was her chance of getting breast cancer, was apparently based on older and smaller studies than those available today. Quoting Stanford University's Cancer Institute, Zuckerman argues that newer studies have found that the risk of getting breast cancer for an average woman with BRCA1 is 65 percent. “Since being overweight and smoking increase the risk and exercising and breastfeeding lower the risk, Ms. Jolie's risk of breast cancer, even with the BRCA1 gene, could be considerably lower.” Zuckerman says that according to experts, a 40-year-old woman with the BRCA1 gene has a 16 percent chance of getting breast cancer before she turns 50. Compared to 87 percent, 16 percent looks a lot less dire. Zuckerman also points out that with the latest breast cancer treatments and regular screening, the survival rate from breast cancer is higher than ever. Zuckerman adds that if “Ms. Jolie (or any other woman with BRCA1) got breast cancer in the future--if she ever did--the treatments available would be even more effective than they are today.” Zuckerman makes a very important point, “Nobody can second-guess Angelina Jolie's choice--it's hers alone to make.” Yes, that is true for any woman. But before anyone who has the BRCA1 gene rushes out to follow Ms. Jolie’s example, we need to ensure that she fully understands what the true risks are, the improved diagnostic and treatment options, and that she doesn’t base any decision on how a celebrity acted without knowing all the facts. Most cancer experts are doing their best to explain why double mastectomies are not the best choice for most women in the aftermath of this celebrity’s disclosure. I hope that perspective – based in the latest science - is not overshadowed by the publicity that Ms. Jolie’s announcement has received. This is a teachable moment – let’s make the most of it.